The Roman civilization was full of famous people, places, and things. One of the giants of the ancient civilizations was Rome: the city, the republic, the empire, and much more.

Among the more well-known ancient Romans were Julius Caesar, Augustus (right), Pompey, Nero, Caligula.

An elaborate slave class powered the might of Rome, and perhaps no slave was more famous than Spartacus, who led a large-scale revolt in the year 73.

Rome had many enemies. Among the most well-known were Hannibal, Atilla the Hun, Alaric the Visigoth, the Etruscans, the Samnites, and the Parthians. It was the Roman legion that won the wars and kept the peace for a great many years. Rome also suffered through years of internal strife.

Roman aqueduct bridge Pantheon Roman road

The Romans were great builders, of roads, aqueducts, baths, and temples. They built a system of laws that formed the basis for many a legal system to follow.

Satchel Paige: Baseball's Larger-than-life Talent, Showman
Satchel Paige was one of baseball's most well-known names. He was many things: a talented athlete, a commanding presence on the field, and a showman who enjoyed the limelight. A star for decades in the Negro Leagues, he became the oldest rookie in Major League Baseball when he joined the Cleveland Indians in 1948. The Indians won the World Series that year. And in 1971, he became the first African-American player to be elected to the Baseball Hall of Fame. Paige was fond of telling stories, many of them, and the details seemed to change from telling to telling. Many details of his life are sketchy. His birth certificate says that he was born on July 7, 1906, in Mobile, Ala.

The Story of the Liberty Bell
The Liberty Bell arrived in America on Sept. 1, 1752. The bell was soon used to call people's attention to important events and announcements, such as the 1761 announcement of King George III as ruler of Great Britain, the repeal of the Sugar Act of 1764, and the calling of meetings to discuss the Stamp Act of 1765. Other famous tollings announced the calling of the Continental Congress, the beginning of the Revolutionary War, and the announcement of the Declaration of Independence. This last, the most famous ringing, occurred on July 8, 1776, at the first public reading of the Declaration.

The National Constituent Assembly of France
The National Constituent Assembly, which came into being on July 9, 1789, was effectively the legislature of France for two years during the early stages of the French Revolution. One of the prime achievements of the National Constituent Assembly was the creation of the Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen, in August 1789. Also of supreme significance, a unanimous resolution of the Assembly on Sept. 4, 1791 had called for "a code of civil laws common for the entire realm." The result was the Napoleonic Code. The Assembly finally achieved what it had set out to do at the beginning, creating the Constitution of 1791.

Spanish Flu: Deadly Worldwide Pandemic
A flu pandemic in 1918–1919 killed more people around the world than the world war that ended that year. The influenza has come to be known by a handful of names, the most familiar of which is the Spanish Flu. The flu did not strike in just one spot at one time; it developed from multiple places around the globe. Several origin stories have been put forward through the years. One of the most Spanish Flu afflicting soldiers prominent was that of an American soldier reporting to an American infirmary with a fever, which turned out to be the terrible influenza that would kill so many so quickly. The flu virus, as it was later discovered to be, spread through that armed services camp and through others (for it wasn't just the Midwestern camp in which the flu virus was lurking) and then traveled with American soldiers who went to the front in World War I, which was still raging in spring 1918. Conditions in the trenches in Europe were found to be conducive to the spreading of all manner of diseases, and this newly discovered strain of influenza spread quickly and became very deadly.

Why Is It?

Why Is It That Jeans Are Blue? Jeans
Jeans are commonplace for many generations of people today–in America, especially, but also in many other countries. Jeans come in many colors these days, but the most common color is the original, blue. Why?

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Significant Sevens are the highest, the lowest, the deepest, the farthest, the oldest, the youngest, and a host of other lists in economics, geography, history, and much more.

Cultural Icons are the instantly recognizable monuments, landforms, buildings, and many other kinds of landmarks that define a people, place, or culture.


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Social Studies for Kids
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David White