Blue Marble Apollo 8 Earthrise photo
Trace the rise of the space programs of the United States and the Soviet Union, from earliest beginnings, of unmanned probes, to the end of America's Apollo program. Get details about every Apollo mission. Read biographies of every Apollo astronaut. Go behind the scenes of the famous photos and experiments, and much more.
JFK Moon speech at Rice
Buzz Aldrin on the Moon


Canadian Coin Shaped Like Country
July 15, 2019
Canadian coin Canada has added a new edge–several, actually–to the national currency tradition with a coin shaped like the country. In honor of Canada Day, which is on July 1, the Royal Canadian Mint released a limited edition coin shaped like the geographical outline of Canada. On the face are animals to represent the country's 13 provinces and territories. On the obverse is Queen Elizabeth. The Mint printed only 2,000 of the "Canadian Landscape" coins, which retailed at $339 Canadian (US$260).


The Great Fire of Rome
For six days in July 64, the city of Rome was consumed by fire. Summer temperatures and winds were already high; many buildings were made of wood and poorly constructed; and, according to some sources, high-ranking officials hampered efforts to control the blaze. As a result, many people died and 10 of the 14 city regions were either heavily affected or ruined. To this day, historians cannot agree on some basic elements of the story, including who, if anyone, might have caused the blaze. Rome at that time was a city of 2 million people, many of whom were poor, living in slums. It was in one of these areas, at the Capena Gate, a marketplace near the huge stadium Circus Maximum, that the fire began, late on the night of July 18. The stadium quickly went up in flames, as did a large part of the city. Hot summer winds fanned the flames.

The Seneca Falls Convention for Women's Rights
The Seneca Falls Convention was a gathering of Americans from around the country to further the cause of women's rights, including the right to vote (or suffrage). The convention took place on July 19 and July 20, in 1848, in Seneca Falls, N.Y. Two of the leaders of the women's suffrage movement, Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Lucretia Mott, had attended the Anti-Slavery Convention in London in 1840. They and all other women who attended were denied the opportunity to take part in any of the discussions; in fact, the men forced the women to sit behind partitions, as if they weren't there. Mott and Stanton weren't too happy with the treatment at what was billed as a world convention. They were also part of a growing number of women who were asserting their dissatisfaction with the current state of affairs. Stanton went away and wrote the Declaration of Sentiments, a document inspired the Declaration of Independence that asserted that women should have many rights currently not allowed to them, including the right to own property and the right to vote. This document was the guiding force behind the six sessions and many other discussions that the 300 men and women participated in during the two-day convention.

Stay Cool

Summer is here (unless you live in the Southern hemisphere). It's often hot in the summer, no matter where you live. Below are some ways to beat the heat!

Click on the image or the words for each one.


Teaching Resources

Significant Sevens are the highest, the lowest, the deepest, the farthest, the oldest, the youngest, and a host of other lists in economics, geography, history, and much more.

Cultural Icons are the instantly recognizable monuments, landforms, buildings, and many other kinds of landmarks that define a people, place, or culture.



One of the shining lights in ancient times was the city-states of Greece. Athens and Sparta are perhaps the most famous of these, but they numbered many more than that. So many of the traditions of Western (and Eastern) nations can be traced to these ancient peoples and their triumphs and struggles.

Find out more about the ancient Greeks:


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Social Studies for Kids
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David White

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