Signed Neil Armstrong 'Giant Leap' Photo Sells for $52,000
June 24, 2019
Neil Armstrong on the Moon A signed photo of Neil Armstrong about to step on the Moon has sold for $52,247 at auction. Armstrong signed the photo, which depicts him just before he took the "giant leap for mankind" that made him famous. The presale estimate was $15,000. The family of Richard Windmiller Sr., the onetime of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration photo department, had owned the photo. The photo was a still shot from the original video transmission of Armstrong's descent down the ladder of the Apollo 11 lunar module. A camera mounted on the spacecraft captured the moment and many afterward. Armstrong later signed the still, which was developed in a photo lab when the crew returned. He signed five stills in all.

Italy Named Host Country for 2026 Winter Olympics
June 24, 2019
2026 Olympics logo Italy will be the host country for the 2026 Olympics, the International Olympic Committee (IOC) has announced. The Winter Games will take place Feb. 6–22, 2026, in Milan and Cortina d'Ampezzo. It will be the first Olympics to have more than one official host city; the cities are nearly 200 miles apart. It will be the third time overall and the second time in two decades that Italy will play host to the Winter Olympics. The 1956 Games were in Cortina d'Ampezzo, and the 2006 Games were in Turin. Rome was the host city for the 1960 Summer Olympic Games. The other nation in the running was Sweden, with a bid from Stockholm-Are that had a curious carrot of a bobsled track in Sigulda, Latvia.

Norwegian Island Seeks Status as Time-free Zone
June 21, 2019
Timeless island The residents of the northern Norwegian island of Sommarøy have declared themselves out of time–really. It's not that they've missed a deadline; it's that they want to stop ruled by the clock. Many of the 300 or so people who live on the island have petitioned their local member of Parliament to campaign on their behalf for a proposal to be declared the world's first time-free zone. They are already do things like have a coffee on the beach at 2 a.m. because it's still light. The island spends the months of November, December, and January in darkness but also goes from mid-May to late July in constant daylight.


The Assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand
On June 28, 1914, a Bosnian nationalist assassinated Austria-Hungary's Archduke Franz Ferdinand and his wife, Sophie, in Sarajevo. These shootings touched off a series of events that led to World War I. June 28 was a day of nationalist pride in Serbia, marking a Serbian military victory dating back to the 14th Century. Nonetheless, Franz Ferdinand chose that day to inspect Austrian troop maneuvers in the Bosnian capital, Sarajevo. He and his wife arrived in Sarajevo on that day after concluding a royal visit to Germany and a meeting with Kaiser Wilhelm II.

Molly Pitcher Gets Her Name
Molly Pitcher flag Molly Pitcher is an example of a person who is known for doing one thing above all others. She became Molly Pitcher when she carried pitchers of water to the American soldiers as they fought the British during the Revolutionary War. Helping care for and feed her husband and many other soldiers, "Molly" saw firsthand how dangerous war really was. During one intense battle, she carried a wounded American soldier from the field on her back. She was also at Valley Forge for the cold, cold winter, which shrunk the American Army considerably. At the Battle of Monmouth, on June 28, 1778, John Hays collapsed from the heat. He wasn't the only one. It was very hot that day, especially in the thick of battle, with gunfire and cannon fire ripping through the sky under a hot sun. Molly was devastated. Her husband was unconscious. Her husband's job in the army was to load cannons so they could be fired at the enemy. In the heat of battle, Molly took over for her husband and filled cannons herself! In the face of heavy enemy fire, Molly stood her ground and pounded away at the cannons, helping the Americans stay on the battlefield and eventually win the battle.

The Gadsden Purchase
The Gadsden Purchase was a land deal that completed the outline of the contiguous United States. Signed in 1853, it was named for James Gadsden, who was then the U.S. Ambassador to Mexico. The U.S. gained most of what is now Arizona and New Mexico through the Mexican Cession, the large land handed over from Mexico as part of the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, in 1848. About the same time, several influential people were campaigning for a transcontinental railroad that followed a southern route. (The Golden Spike was driven in 1869, in Utah.) Much of the southwestern part of the Mexican Cession, however, was mountainous, however, and railroad developers wanted to avoid crossing great heights if it wasn't required.

Significant Sevens are the highest, the lowest, the deepest, the farthest, the oldest, the youngest, and a host of other lists in economics, geography, history, and much more.

Cultural Icons are the instantly recognizable monuments, landforms, buildings, and many other kinds of landmarks that define a people, place, or culture.



One of the shining lights in ancient times was the city-states of Greece. Athens and Sparta are perhaps the most famous of these, but they numbered many more than that. So many of the traditions of Western (and Eastern) nations can be traced to these ancient peoples and their triumphs and struggles.

Find out more about the ancient Greeks:


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Social Studies for Kids
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David White

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