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CURRENT EVENTS

The U.S. Honor Flag
September 14, 2014
The United States Honor Flag has been at another memorial. The Flag was most recently part of a ceremony to honor the service and memory of a Kansas Police officer, Corporal Jason Harwood, who was killed in the line of duty. The Topeka Police Department honor guard also carried the Honor Flag in 2012, at the funeral of two other officers killed in the line of duty. The Honor Flag is a special U.S. Flag that has helped pay tribute to men and women who have lost their lives in the line of duty, starting with the thousands who died on September 11, 2001.

Modern Tech Reveals Stonehenge Network
September 12, 2014
Using high-tech gadgets, archaeologists have found that Stonehenge is much more than it appears to be. A combination of high-resolution magnetometers, ground-penetrating radar, a 3D laser scanner, and other ultra-modern equipment has produced scans showing no less than 17 previously unknown Stonehenge-like monuments, one large burial-associated building, and burial pits that appear to be aligned with the Sun. Including Stonehenge, the 18 monuments form a total of nearly five dozen stones or pillars in a nearly four-square-miles-wide area that some are calling "Super Henge." All are thought to have been built at roughly the same period in time.

 

WORLD WAR I

The Great War

This is the centenary of the beginning of World War I, or as it was called for many years, the Great War.

The assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand in Sarajevo in August 1914 was only one of a series of events that led to the beginning of the war. The causes of the war stretch back a century before, in issues resolved and unresolved by the Congress of Vienna, which ended the previous Europe-wide conflict, the Napoleonic Wars.

Most of Europe was involved in the Crimean War, in the mid-1850s. The unifications of both Germany and Italy worried France and Austria-Hungary, both of which fought wars against dominant Prussia. The Franco-Prussian War established Germany as a unified nation and a powerful one.

All of this set the major powers of Europe on the path of conflict, in the form of entangled alliances that, once invoked, led to the most of the world being at bloody war for four long years.

 

THIS WEEK IN HISTORY

The Star-Spangled Banner
"The Star-Spangled Banner" is America's national anthem, so designated by Congress in 1931. Poet Francis Scott Key wrote the lyrics in 1814, after witnessing the British bombardment of Fort McHenry during the War of 1812. Key was a temporary prisoner of war during the attack, his mission to secure an exchange of prisoners suspended while British ships poured round after round into the fort's defenses, on September 13, 1814. It was a rainy night, and so the fort was flying its "storm flag," a smaller version of the normal 15-star-15-stripe flag. Key pinned his hopes for knowning whether the fort had been saved on whether the larger flag would be flying in the morning. At dawn, on September 14, Key saw the normal flag in place. The defenses had held.

New Zealand: First to Have Women Vote
American voters granted women the right to vote in 1920. By that time, women in New Zealand had been voting for 27 years. The New Zealand Parliament voted for women's suffrage on Sept. 19, 1893.

Kate Sheppard: Suffrage Pioneer
Kate Sheppard (right), the driving force behind New Zealand's women's suffrage movement, was not a native New Zealander. She took the reins of the New Zealand movement, though, and drove the point home.

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