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Toto, These Slippers Need Some Work
October 18, 2016
There’s no place like home for these ruby red slippers, but they might not survive many more hopeful taps together. The slippers are the ones that Dorothy Gale wore in the iconic 1939 movie The Wizard of Oz. In the film, young Dorothy takes the slippers from the Wicked Witch of the East and keeps them through various trials and travails, with the last step in her journey following an instruction by Glenda the Good Witch to click her heels together three times and declare how wonderful her home really is. A pair of slippers worn by Judy Garland, who played Dorothy in the film, has been on display in the National Museum of American History for nearly as long as the film has been showing. The slippers are showing signs of wear and tear, and the museum doesn’t have the funds needed to repair them and also construct a state-of-the-art case to protect them from the elements. The museum has begun a Kickstarter campaign.

IOC Floats Idea of Moving Tokyo Olympic Events
October 18, 2016
With an eye toward cutting costs, the International Olympic Committee has given serious consideration to moving some events of the 2020 Summer Olympic Games outside of the host country of Japan. The new venues would be in Chungju, South Korea, according to reports from Japanese media outlets. The facilities in Chungju played host to events in botht the 2013 World Rowing Championships and the 2014 Asian Games.The events being targeted are canoeing and rowing. Moving events in those two sports is one option put forward by a panel of experts contracted by Tokyo Governor Yuriko Koike, although that panel recommended a move to a venue within Japan, as an alternative to building brand new facilities in Tokyo Bay. The in-country recommendation is in Miyagi, one of three prefectures devastated by the 2011 Sendai Earthquake and tsunami.

Global Agreement Targets HFC Emissions
October 16, 2016
More than 170 countries have agreed to limit the use of hydrofluorocarbons, after down-to-the-wire negotiations concluded at a world summit in Kigali, Rwanda. The year that the countries agreed that they will begin taking action is 2019. That is the year that the U.S., the world’s second-largest polluter, and the European Union committed to begin. China, the largest polluter on the planet, will start in 2024, along with more than 100 developing countries.

Amundsen Ship Back above Water
October 16, 2016
A ship that carried famed South Pole explorer Roald Amundsen has emerged from the depths after decades underwater. Amundsen was the first to reach the South Pole, in 1911, and in 1906, the first to lead an expedition through the Northwest Passage. It was in 1918 that Amundsen and crew set out aboard the Maud to traverse the Northeast Passage. They left Oslo, Norway, and travelled along the Russian coast to Nome, Alaska. In all, the crew spent seven years aboard the Maud. The ship took the crew through the frozen Arctic lands, faciliating observations of weather and the stars. In 1930, the Maud sprung a leak and sunk. A Norwegian salvage team has finally brought the ship back to the surface.


Roman Britain
Trade flourished between Britain and the Roman world for a few decades after Julius Caesar left for good, but no Roman troops crossed the Channel for a good while. Eventually, a new emperor, Claudius, found the need to prove himself so he decided to have his troops invade Britain. Claudius ordered an expedition of conquest, sending 40,000 troops and several war elephants to Britain. ... And so on, as Rome rolls across Britain and eventually conquer it and Wales.

Find out more about Roman Britain – its people and armies and religion and daily life.

In this week's Significant Sevens, it's a look at theSeven Most Visited National Parks in the U.S.


Erie Canal Opens for Business
How the Erie Canal was created and financed is the story of one man's desire and many people's skepticism. That one man was New York Gov. DeWitt Clinton, who had the foresight to envision a waterway that would link his state's main port, New York City, with the fertile plains of the Midwest, enabling trade between the nation's hinterlands and the other countries of the world. His opponents called the Erie Canal "Clinton's Folly," but Clinton had the last laugh, as the Canal became one of the nation's busiest waterways and most enduring symbols of rising industrial might.

The Mason-Dixon Line
The Mason-Dixon Line started as an argument and ended up settling many other arguments. To head off big trouble, a pair of Englishmen named Charles Mason, an astronomer and mathematician, and Jeremiah Dixon, a mathematician and surveyor, set out to have the last word on the subject.

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