Cleopatra: Egypt's Last Pharaoh
Hers is one of the most recognizable names in all of human history. She was a female ruler in a time of male kings. Her beauty was said to have brought the world's most powerful men to their knees. She was Cleopatra. Cleopatra was the name of several women in ancient Egypt. The most famous one was Cleopatra VII, born in 69 B.C. in Alexandria. She became famous for becoming acquainted two of Rome's most powerful men, Julius Caesar and Mark Antony. After they both died, however, she was at the mercy of Octavian and the might of Rome. She died on Aug. 12, 30 B.C., as the story goes from the bite of a snake.

The Panama Canal Opens
On August 15, 1914, the Panama Canal opened for business, with the passage through of the Ancon, an American cargo-passenger ship. The Canal was built primarily to make a faster way to the West Coast for American settlers in the 19th Century. It was France, however, that first started building on the Isthmus of Panama, in 1881.

100-year-old Fruitcake Found in Antarctica
August 13, 2017
Fruitcake can last a long time, even in harsh conditions. This might be something that many people would consider an urban myth, but proof has been found, not in the pudding but in the wrapper. The Antarctic Heritage Trust, a charity based in Christchurch, N.Z., reported finding a piece of fruitcake on the Cape Adare peninsula in frigid Antarctica and that the fruitcake was still wrapped in paper, inside what was left of a tin. What the researchers at the Antarctic Heritage Trust are excited about, other than the fact that they've found really old fruitcake, is that the cake made by the British company Huntley & Palmers, the preferred brand of British explorer Robert Falcon Scott, who famously perished on an expedition to the South Pole. Scott was known to have taken that brand of fruitcake on that journey, the Terra Nova expedition. If the recently discovered piece of fruitcake was among Scott's possessions on the ill-fated expedition, then it could speak volumes for the preservation methods of the wrapper, the tin it was stored in, and perhaps even the ingredients of the fruitcake itself. Researchers reported that the piece of cake was in relatively good condition and that it smelled almost edible.


The Roman civilization was full of famous people, places, and things. One of the giants of the ancient civilizations was Rome: the city, the republic, the empire, and much more.

Among the more well-known ancient Romans were Julius Caesar, Augustus (right), Pompey, Nero, Caligula.

An elaborate slave class powered the might of Rome, and perhaps no slave was more famous than Spartacus, who led a large-scale revolt in the year 73.

Rome had many enemies. Among the most well-known were Hannibal, Atilla the Hun, Alaric the Visigoth, the Etruscans, the Samnites, and the Parthians. It was the Roman legion that won the wars and kept the peace for a great many years. Rome also suffered through years of internal strife.

Roman aqueduct bridge Pantheon Roman road

The Romans were great builders, of roads, aqueducts, baths, and temples. They built a system of laws that formed the basis for many a legal system to follow.

Why Is It?

Why Is It That Jeans Are Blue? Jeans
Jeans are commonplace for many generations of people today–in America, especially, but also in many other countries. Jeans come in many colors these days, but the most common color is the original, blue. Why?

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Significant Sevens are the highest, the lowest, the deepest, the farthest, the oldest, the youngest, and a host of other lists in economics, geography, history, and much more.

Cultural Icons are the instantly recognizable monuments, landforms, buildings, and many other kinds of landmarks that define a people, place, or culture.


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Social Studies for Kids
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David White