The Enlightenment

This intellectual movement transformed the very fabric of European thought and way of life.

The Enlightenment
A beginner's guide to the Enlightenment.

The Philosophes
These great French thinkers were at the forefront of the Enlightenment movement. Famous philosophes included Jean-Jacques Rousseau and Voltaire.

Voltaire and the Enlightenment
The life story of one of Europe's greatest and most famous thinkers.

Jean-Jacques Rousseau and the Enlightenment
The life story of another of Europe's greatest and most famous thinkers.

This famous philosopher, among other things, came up with the idea of governmental separation of powers.

The Enlightenment: Primary Sources
Writings of the famous names of the times.

David Hume
He was perhaps Scotland's greatest thinker. Find out more about the brilliant philosopher.

Adam Smith
He was a Scottish philosopher whose ideas of economics and free trade have greatly influenced economic policy of nations down through the years. He is best known for writing Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations.

The American Enlightenment
The American colonies (which later became the United States) were alive with Enlightenment ideas as well, especially those involving the rights of people.

Daily Life and Culture During the Enlightenment
See how people lived from day to day during this exciting period in history.

The French Revolution
Discover just how this series of events transpired.

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Social Studies for Kids
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David White