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Gettysburg

 Related Terms

• Civil War
• 
George Gordon Meade
• 
Robert E. Lee
• 
James Longstreet
• 
George Pickett

Definition: Pennsylvania site of a tremendously important three-day battle famous for such things as Pickett's Charge, Cemetery Ridge, and Little Round Top. The great battle that killed more than 40,000 happened by accident. Lee had invaded the North in hopes of forcing attention from both Northern troops and European observers watching from afar. General George Gordon Meade caught up with Lee at the end of June, and July 1-3 the armies threw themselves at each other. The North held the high ground and made the advantage stick. Although Meade allowed Lee to escape back southward, he achieved his goal of weakening the Army of Northern Virginia so that it would never again have the strength to launch a major assault.

Related Resources:
The Battle of Gettysburg
Find out more about this historic battle: the main players, the strategies, and the prelude and aftermath.

The Gettysburg Address
Lincoln gave this famous speech at the dedication of a cemetery for soldiers killed in the famous Battle of Gettysburg.

The Story of the Gettysburg Address
Even though it was short, the famous speech wasn't just dashed off. Find out more about how and why Lincoln wrote.

The Gettysburg Address: Structure and Style
The speech is notable for its words and how they were chosen and arranged.

The Civil War
The Civil War was one of the most devastating events in American History. Read about the causes, see the heroes, and share the horror. Start here.

Elsewhere on the Web:
The Battle of Gettysburg
Find out more about the battle itself, from troop movements to behind-the-scenes sidelights.

Eyewitness Account
These eyewitness accounts come from a schoolgirl who witnessed the horrors of Gettysburg.

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